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Vol. 6, Iss. 9: Momentous Decisions




Momentous Decisions

Throughout the history of the United States, there have been countless decisions that have been made on behalf of our great country by our forefathers. These decisions have resulted in far-reaching impact on our laws, our education system, our military and our freedoms. The month of September in American history has brought about many of these changes through crucial decisions that were made and signed into law.

The United States came into existence as the Continental Congress changed the name of our new American nation from the United Colonies on September 9, 1776. On September 3, 1783, The Treaty of Paris was signed by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay, formally ending the American Revolutionary War between Britain and the United States. In September 1789, the third Presidential cabinet department, the U.S. Treasury, was established by Congressand, in addition, Congress created the United States Army, consisting of 1,000 enlisted men and officers.President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves in territories held by Confederates as of January 1, 1863. On September 2, 1945, President Harry Truman declared V-J Day (Victory over Japan Day) commemorating the formal Japanese surrender to the Allies aboard the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. President Dwight Eisenhower ordered the National Guard to enforce racial integration of schools in Little Rock, Arkansas on September 24, 1957.

To remind us of these historic moments in our country’s history we are offering the items below, many of which are signed by the early historic notables mentioned above, such as Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, John Jay and Abraham Lincoln. In addition, we are offering items issued by the U.S Congress and some that are signed by Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower as well as other important figures in U.S. history who have made their mark in Septembers past. Purchase any one of these items by September 23, 2015 to receive a 10% discount.


Name John Quincy Adams ID# 58877
Headline John Quincy Adams appoints the Vermont Republican newspaper of Windsor official publishers of the laws of the United States.  
Date November 16, 1818 Price
Place Washington $3,000.00

Name Benjamin Franklin ID# 58001
Headline Young Benjamin Franklin witnesses the signing of an indenture relating to the sale of land in his beloved Philadelphia  
Date May 15, 1733 Price
Place Philadelphia, Pennsylvania $18,000.00

Name [Benjamin Franklin] ID# 59711
Headline Benjamin Franklin's illegitimate son, New Jersey Royal Governor William Franklin, signs an act to provide for British troops - including the famous Trenton Barracks, which ironically would be captured seven years later by George Washington after his crossing of the Delaware in 1776 - one America's most glorious victories>  
Date December 6, 1769 Price
Place Burlington $2,400.00

Name John Jay ID# 59283
Headline Five months after resigning as the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to become Governor of New York, John Jay transmits funds for a friend  
Date November 10, 1795 Price
Place New York $1,000.00

Name John Jay ID# 59683

John Jay writes to his wife as he prepares to negotiate the 1794 "Jay's Treaty" with Great Britain: "How my mission will terminate I cannot yet decide. There is room for hope, and also some for doubt."

Date July 6, 1794 Price
Place London $6,500.00

Name Abraham Lincoln ID# 59094
Headline Extraordinary Autograph Album including signatures of President Lincoln and his son Robert Todd Lincoln on the same page and – each in full – by his Secretaries of State and War, William H. Seward and Edwin M. Stanton  
Date c. 1863-1864 Price
Place [Washington, DC] $15,000.00

Name Abraham Lincoln ID# 58623
Headline President Lincoln promotes the son of an influential Philadelphia newspaper editor as Captain in the 9th Regiment of Infantry  
Date July 1, 1864 Price
Place Washington, DC $10,000.00

Name Harry S. Truman
World War II
ID# 59222
Headline Harry S. Truman Signed Certificate of Merit awarded to Dr. Henri Gaston Busignies "in aid of the war effort against the common enemies of the United States and its Allies in World War II" - Dr. Busignies' invention, a radar known as "Huff-Duff," pinpointed the source of radio transmissions in seconds, helping to thwart the German U-Boats from attacking Allied convoys. He is, in essence, the unsung counterpart to Alan Turing - who was made famous by the Oscar winning movie The Imitation Game  
Date March 1, 1948 Price
Place Washington, DC $3,000.00

Name Dwight D. Eisenhower ID# 59629
Headline Dwight D. Eisenhower  
Date April 19, 1961 Price
Place Gettysburg, PA $1,500.00

Name William T. Sherman ID# 58481
Headline Framed Display!  Gen. Sherman writes to financier J. Pierpont Morgan that he will be unable to attend his banquet because of the forthcoming celebrations of “the Centennial of Philadelphia …” – the 100th anniversary of the Signing of the Declaration of Independence!  
Date April 22, 1876 Price
Place Washington, DC $900.00


Name U.S. Congress ID# 39857
Headline Scarce and illimunating autograph letter signed by Gustavus Scott concerning the new Congress which was then just convening in New York  
Date April 12, 1789 Price
Place Cambridge, [Maryland] $1,200.00

Name John Glover
William Pierce
ID# 59679

The General that carried Washington across the Delaware, approves a rare Revolutionary War date muster roll signed by a future delegate to the 1787 Constitutional Convention

Date March 12, 1779 Price
Place [Providence] $2,500.00

Name Martin Van Buren ID# 59524

Only days after his inauguration as Vice President, Martin Van Buren writes on Congress' response to South Carolina's nullifiers: "Every eye is directed toward S. Carolina. Her delegation went off in a great rage in consequence of the passage of the enforcement Bill by so unprecedented a majority. Her course is not certain but my impression is that she will revoke her ordinance but denounce bitterly the enforcement law to possibly nullify it although such madness is not probable."

Date March 9, 1833 Price
Place Washington $3,000.00

Name Gettysburg ID# 59535
Headline First published map of the Battle of Gettysburg, a month before Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address!  
Date [October 1863] Price
Place Gettysburg, PA $15,000.00

Name Declaration of Independence ID# 59355

William Woodruff's lithographic broadside of the Declaration of Independence with portraits of Washington, Adams and Jefferson and the armorial bearings of the 13 original states, printed years prior to Peter Force's 1848 facsimile engraving

Date c. 1841 Price
Place New York $12,500.00


Name Thomas Jefferson ID# 58265
Headline Jefferson appoints Samuel Woodhouse as Lieutenant in the Navy - a veteran of the Quasi-War with France and the Barbary Wars, Woodhouse saw action in the War of 1812, served aboard the "Constitution," and was later promoted to Master Commandant and Captain  
Date May 4, 1808 Price
Place Washington, DC $13,500.00

Name Richard Nixon ID# 59082
Headline A day after telling the world that the United States has concluded an agreement to end the Vietnam War, he thanks a loyal Republican Congressman for his support “now that we have finally achieved peace with honor in Vietnam … I also am confident that history will prove you to have been right …”  
Date January 24, 1973 Price
Place Washington, D.C. $3,000.00

Name James Garfield
Chester Arthur
ID# 58894
Headline A rare signature of James Garfield, signed as President, in an autograph album together with Vice President Chester Arthur, his entire cabinet, and over 100 members of the House and Senate  
Date May 6, 1881 Price
Place [Washington, DC] $11,000.00

Name Revolutionary War
ID# 58086
Headline Only three months before the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Loyalist Daniel Leonard, responds to John Adams, arguing for the authority of Parliament over the colonies: part of the famous Novanglus-Massachusettensis letters  
Date January 9 - 16, 1775 Price
Place Boston, Massachusetts $3,200.00

If you would like personal assistance, please call our Director of Sales, Kathy Novak at 203-454-0111,
or email her at Kathy@universityarchives.com

Please visit the University Archives website to access our inventory with more than 20,000 items available for purchase.

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